Government requests for data: global

2019 - 2017 2016 - 2014 2013 - 2011

Requests in the U.S. and globally

From January to June, 2017, there were 207 requests for data made by governments globally, including 187 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2017, there were 224 requests for data made by governments globally, including 191 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2018, there were 232 requests for data made by governments globally, including 196 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2018, there were 247 requests for data made by governments globally, including 203 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2019, there were 362 requests for data made by governments globally, including 314 made by the U.S. From July to December, 2019, there were 430 requests for data made by governments globally, including 349 made by the U.S.

Requests in the U.S. and globally

From January to June, 2014, there were 116 requests for data made by governments globally, including 85 made by the U.S. From July to December, 2014, there were 100 requests for data made by governments globally, including 84 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2015, there were 112 requests for data made by governments globally, including 99 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2015, there were 139 requests for data made by governments globally, including 127 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2016, there were 145 requests for data made by governments globally, including 128 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2016, there were 150 requests for data made by governments globally, including 135 made by the U.S.

Requests in the U.S. and globally

From July to December, 2011, there were 73 requests for data made by governments globally, including 65 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2012, there were 67 requests for data made by governments globally, including 64 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2012, there were 48 requests for data made by governments globally, including 45 made by the U.S.  From January to June, 2013, there were 83 requests for data made by governments globally, including 70 made by the U.S.  From July to December, 2013, there were 72 requests for data made by governments globally, including 56 made by the U.S.

Requests by country

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2019: July-December

  Requests for member data Accounts subject to request(s) [1] Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 11 11 82% 9
Canada 1 1 0% 0
China 1 1 0% 0
France 8 8 88% 7
Germany 33 81 85% 71
India 9 11 0% 0
Ireland 1 4 0% 0
Malta 1 1 0% 0
Monaco 1 1 100% 1
Netherlands 5 5 80% 4
Spain 6 7 17% 1
UK 4 4 0% 0
US 349 1,488 82% 819
Total 430 1,623 78% 912

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2019: January-June

  Requests for member data Accounts subject to request(s) [1] Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 8 12 88% 9
Canada 2 2 100% 2
China 1 1 0% 0
Dominican Republic 1 1 0% 0
France 6 9 67% 4
Germany 9 14 44% 4
India 1 10 0% 0
Italy 1 1 0% 0
Netherlands 2 2 50% 1
Poland 1 1 100% 1
Portugal 2 2 0% 0
Spain 1 1 0% 0
Switzerland 2 2 50% 1
UK 3 5 0% 0
US 314 1,170 82% 639
Total 362 1,233 77% 662

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2018: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 10 13 31% 4
Canada 3 3 67% 2
China 2 2 100% 2
France 11 14 29% 4
Germany 3 4 75% 3
India 7 9 0% 0
Ireland
1 1 100% 1
Italy 2 2 0% 0
Spain 4 4 0% 0
United Kingdom 1 1 0% 0
United States 203 1,069 52% 553
Total 247 1,122 41% 569

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2018: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Australia 2 2 0% 0
Brazil 6 8 63% 5
Canada 3 3 0% 0
France 2 10 10% 1
Germany 12 15 73% 11
India 5 5 0% 0
Italy 1 1 100% 1
Qatar 1 1 0% 0
Singapore 2 2 0% 0
United Kingdom 2 2 100% 2
United States 196 1,077 37% 399
Total 232 1,126 35% 419

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2017: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 5 8 55% 1
Canada 1 1 100% 1
Germany 2 2 50% 1
India 9 9 0% 0
Italy 9 9 20% 5
Netherlands 1 1 100% 1
Puerto Rico 1 1 0% 0
Spain 1 1 100% 1
Sweden 1 1 0% 0
Switzerland 1 4 100% 3
United Kingdom 2 3 0% 0
United States 191 602 76% 331
Total 224 642 63% 344

Requests by country and accounts subject to those requests

2017: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 3 3 33% 1
China 1 1 100% 1
Czech Republic 1 1 0% 0
France 1 1 0% 0
Germany 2 2 50% 1
India 3 3 0% 0
Ireland 1 1 100% 1
Italy 1 1 100% 1
Netherlands 1 1 0% 0
Poland 1 1 100% 1
Spain 3 3 67% 2
United Kingdom
2 2 0% 0
United States 187 594 71% 229
Total 207 614 68% 237

Government requests for data

2016: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 4 5 75% 3
China 1 13 100% 13
France 1 1 0% 0
Greece 1 1 100% 1
India 3 3 0% 0
Italy 1 1 100% 1
Macedonia 1 1 0% 0
Philippines 1 1 100% 1
Spain 1 1 0% 0
Sweden 1 1 0% 0
United States 135 345 74% 192
Total 150 373 73% 211

Government requests for data

2016: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts for which LinkedIn provided some data [2]
Brazil 3 4 33% 1
Canada 1 1 100% 1
France 2 2 50% 1
Germany 2 2 0% 0
India 6 7 0% 0
Poland 1 1 0% 0
Spain 1 1 0% 0
Turkey 1 1 0% 0
United States 128 291 68% 150
Total 145 310 62% 153

Government requests for data

2015: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Brazil 1 1 0% 0
China 1 1 0% 0
France 1 1 0% 0
Germany
2 2 0% 0
India 5 5 0% 0
Liechtenstein 1 1 0% 0
United Kingdom 1 1 0% 0
United States 127 226 72% 134
Total 139 238 66% 134

Government requests for data

2015: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
India 4 4 0% 0
Bulgaria [3] 2 2 50% 1
Canada [3] 2 2 100% 2
France 2 2 0% 0
Spain 1 8 0% 0
United Kingdom 2 2 0% 0
United States 99 141 78% 113
Total 112 161 74% 116

Government requests for data

2014: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Brazil 3 3 33% 1
France 3 3 0% 0
Germany 3 3 0% 0
India 5 5 0% 0
Ireland 1 1 100% 1
Singapore 1 1 0% 0
United States 84 202 70% 76
Total 100 218 60% 78

Government requests for data

2014: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Argentina 2 2 0% 0
Australia 2 2 50% 1
Brazil 1 1 100% 1
Canada 4 51 35% 45
France 4 4 0% 0
Germany 1 1 0% 0
Hong Kong 1 1 0% 0
India 4 4 25% 1
Spain 1 8 0% 0
United Kingdom 1 1 100% 1
United States 85 1,069 65% 101
Total 116 1,144 52% 150

Government requests for data

2013: July-December

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Argentina
1 1 0% Not available
Brazil
1 1 0% Not available
France
3 3 0% Not available
Greece
1 1 0% Not available
India
2 4 0% Not available
Ireland
1 3 0% Not available
Malta
1 1 0% Not available
Portugal
1 1 0% Not available
Spain
2 2 0% Not available
United Kingdom
3 3 0% Not available
United States
56 90 61% Not available
Total 72 110 47% Not available

Government requests for data

2013: January-June

  Requests for member data
Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Argentina
1 1 0% Not available
Australia
1 1 0% Not available
Denmark
1 1 100% Not available
Germany
2 2 0% Not available
Italy
1 1 0% Not available
Spain
2 2 0% Not available
Turkey
1 1 0% Not available
United Kingdom
4 4 0% Not available
United States
70 84 49% Not available
Total 83 97 49% Not available

Government requests for data

2012: July-December

  Requests for member data Accounts subject to request(s) [1]
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
Germany
1 1 0% Not available
India
1 1 0% Not available
Spain
1 1 0% Not available
United States
45 49 80% Not available
Total 48 53 75% Not available

Government requests for data

2012: January-June

  Requests for member data Accounts subject to request(s) [1] Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
India 1 1 0% Not available
United Kingdom
2 2 0% Not available
United States
64 96 79% Not available
Total 67 99 76% Not available

Government requests for data

2011: July-December

  Requests for member data Accounts subject to request(s) [1] Percentage for which LinkedIn provided some data Accounts impacted (LinkedIn provided some data) [2]
France 2 4 0% Not available
India 2 5 0% Not available
Spain 1 1 0% Not available
United Kingdom 3 3 0% Not available
United States 65 84 84% Not available
Total 73 97 75% Not available

[1] This column was previously labeled "Accounts Impacted", but we changed the name to clarify that it reflects the number of accounts subject to the data requests, and not the number of accounts for which some responsive data was in fact provided.


[2] We started reporting the number of accounts for which at least some data was provided in response to government requests in our January-June 2014 Transparency Report.

[3] Request(s) issued through Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) process, 2015: January-June.

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013

2019: July-December

Requests [1] 349
Accounts subject to requests 1,488
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 82%
Subpoenas [2] 68%
Search warrants [3] 12%
Court orders [4] 20%
Other [5] 0%
National security letters received [6] 0-499
National security letters (accounts subject to request)
0-499
FISA orders [6]  

2019: January-June

Requests [1] 314
Accounts subject to requests 1,170
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 82%
Subpoenas [2] 72%
Search warrants [3] 10%
Court orders [4] 17%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
250-499

2018: July-December

Requests [1] 203
Accounts subject to requests 1,069
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 52%
Subpoenas [2] 71%
Search warrants [3] 11%
Court orders [4] 16%
Other [5] 2%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2018: January-June

Requests [1] 196
Accounts subject to requests 1,077
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
37%
Subpoenas [2] 70%
Search warrants [3] 9%
Court orders [4] 19%
Other [5] 3%
National security requests received [6]
0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2017: July-December

Requests [1]
191
Accounts subject to requests 602
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
69%
Subpoenas [2] 62%
Search warrants [3] 8%
Court orders [4] 26%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2017: January-June

Requests [1] 187
Accounts subject to requests 594
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
71%
Subpoenas [2]
63%
Search warrants [3] 9%
Court orders [4] 26%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6]
0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2016: July-December

Requests [1]
135
Accounts subject to requests 345
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
74%
Subpoenas [2] 71%
Search warrants [3] 9%
Court orders [4] 18%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2016: January-June

Requests [1]
128
Accounts subject to requests 291
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data
68%
Subpoenas [2] 66%
Search warrants [3] 14%
Court orders [4] 17%
Other [5] 2%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2015: July-December

Requests [1]
126
Accounts subject to requests 226
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 72%
Subpoenas [2] 72%
Search warrants [3] 11%
Court orders [4] 16%
Other [5] 2%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2015: January-June

Requests [1]
99
Accounts subject to requests 141
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 78%
Subpoenas [2] 83%
Search warrants [3] 10%
Court orders [4] 7%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2014: July-December

Requests [1]
84
Accounts subject to requests 202
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 70%
Subpoenas [2] 86%
Search warrants [3] 12%
Court orders [4] 2%
Other [5] 0%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2014: January-June

Requests [1] 85
Accounts subject to requests 1,069
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 84%
Subpoenas [2] 82%
Search warrants [3] 13%
Court orders [4] 4%
Other [5] 1%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2013: July-December

Requests [1] 56
Accounts subject to requests 90
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 61%
Subpoenas [2] 80%
Search warrants [3] 7%
Court orders [4] 12%
Other [5] 0%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

2013: January-June

Requests [1] 70
Accounts subject to requests 84
Requests for which LinkedIn provided some data 57%
Subpoenas [2] 88%
Search warrants [3] 8%
Court orders [4] 1%
Other [5] 3%
National security requests received [6] 0-249
National security requests (accounts subject to request)
0-249

[1] U.S. Government Requests for Member Data include all requests received by LinkedIn from the U.S. government except for national security-related requests, such as National Security Letters and requests under the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA), if any.

[2] Subpoenas may be issued for information that is reasonably relevant to the general subject matter of a pending investigation. They are typically pre-signed by a court clerk and are issued by prosecutors without the involvement of a judge.

[3] Search warrants require the government to demonstrate "probable cause" and are generally issued by a judge. The standard applicable to a search warrant is higher than that applicable to a subpoena.

[4] Court orders vary depending on the circumstances and the issuing court and jurisdiction. Many of the court orders LinkedIn receives are issued pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 2703(d), a provision of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). To obtain such an order, the government must demonstrate specific and articulable facts showing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the information sought is relevant and material to an ongoing investigation. This standard is higher than that applicable to subpoenas but lower than that applicable to search warrants.

[5] The "Other" category includes requests that do not fall within any of the above categories. Examples include emergency requests. As indicated in footnote 1, the category does not include national security-related requests.

[6] In our Government Requests Reports prior to July 2019, we reported on National Security Requests, which could include NSLs and FISA orders. In the effort to provide more transparency to our members, we plan to report on National Security Letters and FISA orders separately. Because we are required by law to delay the release of FISA data by 6 months, data for the July-December 2019 period will appear in our January-June 2020 report.

2019 2018

By country and action taken

2019: July-December

  Requests Action taken Percentage action taken
Brazil 1 1 100%
China 14 11 79%
Greece 1 1 100%
India 1 1 100%
Poland 1 1 100%
Russia 2 2 100%
Switzerland 1 1 100%
Turkey 2 2 100%
Totals 23 20 87%

By country and action taken

2019: January-June

  Requests Action taken Percentage action taken
Canada 1 1 100%
China 3 3 100%
Germany 1 1 100%
Saudi Arabia 1 1 100%
Turkey 2 2 100%
Totals 8 8 100%

By country and action taken

2018: July-December

  Requests Action taken Percentage action taken
Turkey 1 1 100%
China 4 2 50%
India 1 1 100%
Totals 6 4 67%

By country and action taken

2018: January-June

  Requests Action taken Percentage action taken
Canada
1 1 100%
China 9 9 100%
India 2 1 50%
Indonesia 1 1 100%
United Kingdom 1 1 100%
United States
1 1 100%
Totals 15 14 93.33%

• We started reporting on content-related requests in our January 1-June 30, 2018 Transparency Report.


• Government Requests for Content Removal includes requests received by LinkedIn from governments reporting violations of our Terms of Service or violations of local law.